Both traditional bullying (offline) and cyberbullying (online) amongst children and young people are serious problems internationally, including in Thailand.
Most studies of these were conducted in western countries, with research in Asian countries much less common.
We report on a survey of 1,049 students (42% boys, 58% girls) aged 12 to 18 years, in 12 schools from 3 provinces in southern Thailand, of experiences of being a victim of traditional and cyberbullying over the past couple of months, and recommended coping strategies. Telling a teacher or parent was the most recommended strategy for traditional victimization; this was less so for cyber victimization, where blocking messages/identities or changing email address or phone number were most recommended. Older pupils were more likely to recommend reporting to the police, and keeping a record of bullying incidents.
There were many gender differences, with girls recommending telling and reporting more, for both traditional and cyber victimization. Girls also recommended ignoring it more, or blocking messages; while boys recommended fighting back, but also making new friends.
There were few differences by religion. Victims were more likely to recommend passive strategies such as avoiding the victims, or risky ones such as fighting back. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research, and implications for anti-bullying work in schools.