(short answer, ragging or bullying punishments can’t be specifically explained unless we know the area of offense, region/state)
There are thirteen provisions of the IPC (Indian Penal Code) which can be used by a fresher who is being ragged to register an FIR (First Information Report) in the police station under whose jurisdiction-area the crime has taken place.
These sections are:
- Wrongful restraint
- Wrongful confinement
- Punishment for wrongful restraint
- Punishment for wrongful confinement
- Obscene acts and songs
- Punishment for criminal intimidation In cases of extreme ragging that includes violence:
- Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
- Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means
- Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
- Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means In case a ragging victim has lost his/her life:
- Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
- Abetment of suicide
- Attempt to murder
IPC doesn’t contain specifically contain any crime called ragging or punishment for it but one can use the info listed above to get access to the statute via ragging.
But other part of IPC can be used if applicable, e.g., if a person gets injured due to ragging, then those parts of IPC like assault can be put in the police complaint/FIR etc.
Based on directions of Supreme Court and social pressure, guidelines against ragging have been formulated which can be used to prevent and get redressal against ragging incidents:
Also, a notification by AICTE is at this link or else see Information Technology Act, 2000 https://www.aicte-india.org/downloads/itact2000.pdf
From above notification, following punishments can be given to those indulging in ragging:
- a) Depending upon the nature and gravity of the offence as established the possible punishments for those found guilty of ragging at the institution level shall be any one or any combination of the following:-
(i) Cancellation of admission
(ii) Suspension from attending classes
(iii) Withholding/withdrawing scholarship/fellowship and other benefits
(iv) Debarring from appearing in any test/examination or other evaluation process
(v) Withholding results
(vi) Debarring from representing the institution in any regional, national or international meet, tournament, youth festival, etc.
(vii) Suspension/expulsion from the hostel
(viii) Rustication from the institution for period ranging from 1 to 4 semesters
(ix) Expulsion from the institution and consequent debarring from admission to any other institution.
Collective punishment: when the persons committing or abetting the crime of ragging are not identified, the institution shall resort to collective punishment as a deterrent to ensure community pressure on the potential raggers.
Also, if an institute doesn’t take measures to stop ragging, the institute can also be punished. Read the UGC and above AICTE doc for details.
What is the punishment for ragging and bullying in IPC (Indian Penal Code) – continued
IPC doesn’t provide specifically for ragging or bullying. The laws for punishment for ragging vary from state to state. The highest punishment according to my knowledge is enacted under section 4 of Chhattisgarh Shaikshanik Sansthan Me Pratarna Ka Pratishedh Adhiniyam, 2001, which is up to 5 years imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹5000 or both.
The Tripura Educational Institutions (Prevention of Ragging) Act, 1990 section 4 provides punishment up to 4 years imprisonment or fine or both.
The Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 section 4 provides punishment up to 2 years imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹10000 or both.
Maharashtra Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1999 section 4 also provides punishment up to 2 years imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹10000 or both.
Kerala Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1998 section 4 also provides punishment up to 2 years imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹10000 or both.
West Bengal Prohibition of Ragging in Education Institutions Act, 2000 section 4 provides punishment up to 2 years imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹5000 or both.
The Karnataka Education Act, 1983 section 116 provides punishment up to 1 year imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹2000 or both.
The Assam Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1998 section 4 also provides punishment up to 6 months imprisonment or fine which may extend to ₹10000 or both. This according to my knowledge being the lowest punishment for ragging.
In addition to these some laws also provide for disqualification or expulsion of student from the educational institution on conviction on the charge of ragging.